HYPP-A Unité de Malherbologie & Agronomie
Weed Science & Agronomy

Bayer Code : paprh

Scientific name: Papaver rhoeas L.

Synonym(s) of Sc. name:

Classification: Papaveraceae, Dicotyledonous

Common name: common poppy

Synonym(s) of Common name:

Name per country: DE : Klatsch-Mohn ; ES : amapola ; FR : coquelicot ; IT : papavero comune ; PT : papoila-das-searas ; EN : common poppy ; NL : grote klaproos, NL : papaver ; DK : korn valmue

Biological type: Annual

Seed snapshot Seed:


Seedling snapshotSeedling snapshot Seedling:

- Cotyledons very narrow and short (few mm long).

- Leaves entire, elliptic to ovate, entire-margined.

Adult plant snapshotAdult plant snapshot Adult plant:

- Height: 30-60 cm. Plant very variable.

- Stem stiffly hairy, branched.

- Leaves: basal in rosette. Later leaves pinnately divided, dull-green, cut and toothed. Cauline leaves few, sessile, with a terminal elongate segment. Whitish latex.

- Flower red-scarlet, large, solitary, terminal. Sepals : 2 falling at flowering.

- Fruit : capsule short, glabrous, obovate, rounded at base. 10-rayed disk at the tip of the fruit.

- Plant poisonous, especially the fruit. Petals used in tranquillizing and sudorific infusion.

- Risk of confusion with Papaver dubium L., Papaver hybridum L. (before flowering).

- Biological type: annual.

Mistake with: Papaver dubium , Papaver hybridum

Ecological profile (click on flags): BeneLux   Present     Germany  Present     Denmark  Present     Spain  Present     France  Present     Great Britain  Present     Italy  Present     Portugal Present    

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