HYPP-A Unité de Malherbologie & Agronomie
Weed Science & Agronomy

Bayer Code : medtr

Scientific name: Medicago truncatula Gaertner

Synonym(s) of Sc. name: Medicago tribuloides Desr.

Classification: Leguminosae, Dicotyledonous

Common name: strong-spined medick

Synonym(s) of Common name:

Name per country: DE : Gestutzter Schneckenklee ; ES : medicago truncado ; FR : luzerne tronquée ; IT : erba medica troncata ; PT : luzerna-cortada ; EN : strong-spined medick ;

Biological type: Annual

Seed snapshot Seed:


Seedling snapshot Seedling:

- Cotyledons elliptic to ovate, rounded tip, more or less stalked.

- First leaf rounded, acute at the apex. The later 3-foliolate.

Adult plant snapshot Adult plant snapshot Adult plant snapshot Adult plant:

- Height: 15-40 cm. Plant covered with very short hairs.

- Stem angular.

- Leaves with leaflets toothed in the upper part. Blade of leaflets very hairy. Stipules deeply toothed.

- Flowers yellow solitary or in pairs, terminal on flowering branches lengthening into a slender awn, branches shorter than the leaves. Flowers on a peduncle shorter than the calyx -tube. Standard longer than the keel and the keel longer than the wings.

- Fruit 7-19 mm in diameter, cylindrical or somewhat globose, flattened above and below, in a spiral of 4-6 turns; with an outer keel-like border covered with hooked spines. Sides smooth, not reticulate. Fruit indehiscent. - Rare in crops.

- Risk of confusion with very hairy species and with species of Medicago with divided stipules ( Medicago rigidula (L.) All.).

- Biological type: annual.

Mistake with: Medicago rigidula , Medicago

Ecological profile (click on flags): Spain   Present     France  Rare     Portugal  Rare    

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